 # Division and Multiplication and Terms Related to Them

The division is one of the kinds of arithmetic operations. Division can be defined as a process by which we can segregate a number into equal parts. Swiss mathematician Johann Rahn invented division and used it as a symbol around 1659. Let us take an example; Take a number, say, 15 if we divide this number by 5, 15 will be divided into three equal parts. Thus, the outcome is 3. This is known as division. Every arithmetic operation (addition, division, multiplication, and subtraction) is performed on real numbers. Division is basically repetitive subtraction. In this article, we will try to understand some basic concepts regarding division such as different terms related to division and. We will also discuss in detail the arithmetic operation of multiplication.

## Various Terms Related To Division

As we discussed above, there are various terms related to multiplication. Similarly, in the process of division, there are different types of terms that we come across. The following points below analyses the terms briefly:

• Dividend: We can define a dividend by saying that it is the number that is being divided.
• Divisor: The term divisor is defined as the number which is being divided by the divisor completely or exactly.
• Quotient: Quotient can be defined as the result which comes after the division.
• Reminder: The term remainder is the resultant value that comes exactly when one number(dividend) is divided by the other(divisor). If a number is divided by another number wholly, the remainder turns out to be 0.

We can take the help of a few examples in order to understand this concept easily:

Example 1: 20 divided by 2. Here, 20 is the dividend, 2 is the divisor, 10 is the quotient, and 0 is the remainder. (No value is left over after the division).

Example 2: 16 divided by 3. Here, 13 is the dividend, 3 is the divisor, 5 is the quotient, and 1 is the remainder. (No value left over after the process of division is completed).

## What Do You Mean by Multiplication?

Multiplication is also one of the kinds of arithmetic operations in mathematics. Multiplication can be defined as a process by which we can add a number to itself or a different number a number of times. It was founded by the Babylonians in Mesopotamia around four thousand years ago. The resultant value after the multiplication is known as a product. For example, if we multiply the number 4 by 2 the answer is 8; here 8 is the resultant value or product. Multiplication basically is known as the repetitive addition of a number.

## Various Terms Related To Multiplication

There are a number of terms related to the operation of multiplication. The following points mentioned below signify the terms related to multiplication briefly:

•  Multiplicand: The number which is being multiplied can be defined as a multiplicand.
• Multiplier: A number that signifies that how many times a multiplicand is to be multiplied can be said as a multiplier.
• The above-mentioned terms that are multiplier and multiplicand are also known as the factors.
• Product: The resultant value that comes after the process is completed can be defined as a product. It can also be referred to as the result.

We can take the help of a few examples in order to understand this concept easily:

Example 1: 5 * 5 = 25. Here, 5 is the multiplicand. 5 is the multiplier. 25 is the product.

Example 2: 2 * 3 = 6. Here, 2 is multiplicand. 3 is the multiplier. 6 is the product.

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