In a normal situation, the pancreas secretes the hormone insulin to help store and use sugar and fats. Diabetes Mellitus is defined as a group of diseases characterized by disorders and problems in the insulin hormone,
As it is the body’s lack or lack of secretion of the hormone insulin or the cells’ failure to respond to the insulin secreted adequately.
It can be said that diabetes has two main types for type 1 diabetes, in which the immune system attacks and destroys the cells that produce the pancreas.
In contrast, the second type is diabetes type 2 diabetes, in which the pancreas secretes less insulin or the response of cells to the secreted insulin is impaired. Health Tips are good for Men.
Type 2 diabetes is the most famous and familiar. Although there is no cure for diabetes, there are many options for treatment that maintain the patient’s health and protect him from complications as much as possible. Volume 0%
Symptoms of diabetes
Type 1 diabetes typically arrives quickly within a few days or weeks. In contrast, type 2 diabetes appears gradually, and its symptoms are often general at first, which causes people not to know their diabetes until over time.
It should be noted that the severity of symptoms varies according to blood sugar levels, and the most important symptoms that appear on people with diabetes can be stated as follows:
- The bloated feeling of thirst.
- The constant need to excrete, particularly at night.
- Feeling very hungry.
- Recurrent infections, especially those affecting the gums, vagina, and skin.
- Feeling very tired Weight loss and mass muscle decline.
- The appearance of ketone bodies in the urine and these bodies can be defined as the products of breaking down fat and muscle in the absence of insulin in the body.
- Suffering from itching around the penis in men and the vagina in women, or repeated infection with fungi.
- Slow healing of wounds.
- Blurred vision.
Diabetes risk factors
Type 1 risk factors
Although it is not possible to ultimately determine the cause of type 1 diabetes, some factors are believed to have a role in increasing the risk of developing it, including the following:
- Family history: The risk of developing type 1 diabetes increases if one of the parents or siblings suffers from this disease.
- Environmental factors: Exposure to some types of viruses may increase the likelihood of developing this type of diabetes.
- The presence of autoantibodies: an autoantibody is defined as destroyed immune cells, and it has been found that the presence of these cells may increase the risk of developing type 1 diabetes, and this does not negate the fact that some people did not have diabetes despite the presence of these cells in their bodies.
- The nature of food: Although there is no direct cause of any food for type 1 diabetes, it is believed that eating cereal crops before the fourth month of life, eating cow’s milk at an early age, and deficient intake and consumption of vitamin D increases the risk of developing this disease.
- The nature of geography: The incidence of type 1 diabetes has been high in some regions and countries, such as Finland and Sweden.
Type 2 risk factors
Scientists were not able to know the reason why some people develop type 2 diabetes, and others do not. Still, it is believed that there are several factors that increase the risk of developing it, including the following:
- Weight: The higher the weight, the more resistant the cells to insulin, which increases the risk of developing diabetes.
- Inactivity: Lack of activity and inactivity increases the chance of developing type 2 diabetes because activity helps control weight, stimulates glucose for energy production, and increases the sensitivity of cells to insulin.
- Family history: The risk of developing diabetes increases if one of the parents or siblings has diabetes.
- Age: As a person ages, his physical activity rate decreases, and he is more likely to gain weight, and perhaps this explains the increased chance of diabetes as a person ages.
- Ethnicity: There are some ethnicities in which type 2 diabetes is more common than others, such as blacks, but scientists have not yet explained the reason behind this.
- Gestational diabetes: The risk of developing type 2 diabetes increases if a woman has gestational diabetes or is born weighing more than four kilograms.
- Polycystic ovary syndrome: The chance of developing diabetes increases in polycystic ovary syndrome, and this syndrome can be defined as a menstrual disorder, obesity, and excessive hair growth.
- High Blood Pressure: The bypass blood pressure 140/90 mm Hg increases the risk of suffering from type II diabetes.
- Fat level disorder: The high ratio of triglycerides (in English: Triglycerides) in the blood and lower lipoprotein density ratio are high (in English:High-Density Lipoprotein), known as good cholesterol, causes an increase in the chance of developing diabetes type II.
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