health management, policy development is driven by both legal requirements and health goals voluntarily set by the working community in each industry. Effective Occupational Health Management must be based on knowledge, experience and performance collected in three areas: occupational health, occupational health promotion and environmental health. It is important to see WHM as a process not only for continued development and health benefits within the company, but also as a framework for engagement between various agencies in the community. It provides a platform for collaboration between local authorities and business leaders in community development by improving community and environmental health.
Good Health Center – Community Action Plan cornerstone.
The Luxembourg Declaration of the European Union Network for Workplace Health Promotion described WHP as a concerted effort by employers, employees and the community to improve the health and well-being of people at work.
This can be achieved by combining:
Improving the organization of work and the working environment
To promote the active participation of employees in health services
Promoting personal development
The promotion of occupational health is reflected in the announcement of the EU network in Luxembourg as a modern company strategy aimed at preventing poor occupational health and promoting health that promotes the energy and health of workers. The documented benefits of work plans include reduced unemployment, reduced risk of heart disease, reduced health care claims, reduced employee income, reduced muscle injury, increased productivity, better organizational performance and the ability to return on investment.
However, many of these developments require the continued involvement of employees, employers and the community in the activities required to make a difference. This is achieved by empowering employees to make decisions about their health. Occupational Health Advisers (OHA) are well-positioned to assess the needs of health promotion programs and the people they work for, prioritize these and other health and safety work programs that may be ongoing, and coordinate activities at the business level to ensure planned plans. In the past occupational health services have been involved in assessing the appropriateness of work and assessing disability levels for insurance purposes for many years.
The concept of retaining the ability to work, for healthy working people, has been developed by other occupational health services. In some cases these efforts have been enhanced by the growing challenge posed by older workers and the ever-increasing cost of public safety. OHAs have been at the forefront of these developments.
There is a need to further the focus of all occupational health services to include efforts to maintain professional competence and to prevent unforeseen circumstances in the workplace. This will require that certain occupational health services become more involved in promoting occupational health, without reducing the attention given to preventing accidents and diseases in the workplace. OHAs, through their close contact with employees, sometimes for many years, are in a good position to plan, deliver and evaluate health promotion and retention skills interventions in the workplace.
Occupational health promotion has become increasingly important over the past decade as employers and employees see appropriate benefits. Working people spend about half of their day off work and this provides a good opportunity for employees to share and receive a variety of health messages and for employers to create healthy workplaces. The scope of health promotion depends on the needs of each group.
Some of the most common activities to promote health are smoking cessation activities, healthy eating or exercise programs, prevention and reduction of drug and alcohol use.
However, health promotion can also be applied to other health, cultural and environmental sectors, if people in the company consider these factors to be important in improving their health, well-being and quality of life. In this context factors such as improving work order, incentives, reducing stress and fatigue, introducing flexible working hours, self-improvement programs and improving performance can also contribute to the overall health and well-being of a working society.
The State of a Healthy Community In addition to the promotion of occupational health and occupation there is another important factor in Occupational Health Management. It has to do with the impact each company may have on the environment, and on pollution or on products or services provided to others, its impact on remote areas. Recall the effects of the 1986 Chernobyl Nuclear Accident on neighboring countries.
Although corporate health impact is governed by a law different from that applicable to occupational health and safety, there is a strong link between protecting the workplace, improving work ethic and working culture within the company, and the way environmental health management works.
Many leading companies are already combining occupational health and safety with environmental health management in order to make the best use of existing employees in the company and to avoid duplication of effort. Occupational health nurses can contribute to environmental health management, especially for those companies that are not working